教員情報  
     


  サイトウ アツコ
  齋藤 慈子   教育学部 児童教育学科   講師
■ 標題
  Reduced Personal Space in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
■ 概要
  Maintaining an appropriate distance from others is important for establishing effective communication and good interpersonal relations. It is thus worth examining whether individuals with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) maintain typical or atypical degrees of social distance. We measured the preferred distances when individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals approached other people and objects or when other people approached them. Individuals with ASD showed reduced interpersonal distances compared to TD individuals. The same tendency was found when participants judged their preferred distance from objects. In addition, when being approached by other people, both individuals with ASD and TD individuals maintained larger interpersonal distances when there was eye contact, compared to no eye contact. These results suggest that individuals with ASD have a relatively small personal space, and that this atypicality exists not only for persons but also for objects.
  Asada, K., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T., Kumagaya, S.
  共著   Plos One      2016